(Based on 6th ed., revised April 2011)
For more examples, see:
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) provides extensive examples covering a wide variety of sources. Some of the most commonly cited kinds of sources are included on this page. If your particular source is not listed, check the Publication Manual [Ref BF 76.7 .P83 2010] or consult the APA style website.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number, if paginated by issue), pages. Retrieved from statement.
NOTE: List only the volume number if the periodical uses continuous pagination throughout a volume. Unlike book or article titles, periodical titles are capitalized.
Nichols, S. (2008). An exploration of students' belongingness beliefs in one middle school. Journal of Experimental Education 96, 145-169. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Psychology and Behavioral SciencesCollection Database.
NOTE: APA states that including database information in citations is not essential. However, the library recommends including information about databases so readers can easily locate the article.
Conner, M. & White, J. (2007). Fatherhood in contemporary black America: An invisible presence. Black Scholar 37 (2), 2-8. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection database.
NOTE: If each issue begins with page 1, then list the issue number.
Rehm, J., Room, R. & Taylor, B. (2008). Method for moderation: Measuring lifetime risk of alcohol-attributable mortality as a basis for drinking guidelines. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 17, 141-151. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection database.
Naar-King, S., Wright, K., Parsons, J., Frey, M., Templin, T., Lam, P., et al. (2006). Healthy choices: Motivational enhancement therapyfor health risk behavior in HIV-positive youth. AIDS Education & Prevention, 18, 1-11. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection database.
Anderson, J.E. & Mueller, T.E. (2008). Trends in sexual risk behaviorand unprotected sex among high school students, 1991-2005: The role of substance abuse. Journal of School Health,78, 575-580. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00348.x.
NOTE: When DOI is given in the citation, make no reference to the database used.
Anderson and Mueller (2008) assert that regardless of the type ofillegal drug used, high school-aged drug users engaged in unprotected sex more often than those students who did not use illegal drugs.
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number, if paginated by issue), pp. pages. Retrieved from statement.
Bowers, C. (2005, July). Address thoughts and actions of teens with addicted parents. Addiction Professional, 3 (4), pp. 42-43. Retrieved from Gale Academic ASAP database.
Carey, B. (2006, March 21). Revisiting schizophrenia: Are drugs always needed? New York Times, p. F1. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Newspaper Source Plus database.
Setback for equality: Voters in three states approve bans on same-sex marriage. (2008, November 9). The Washington Post, p. B6. Retrieved from EBSCOhost Newspaper Source Plus database.
NOTE: The date includes the month and day of the issue, but the order is inverted (Year, Month Day). Also, the citation for this source would include a shortened form of the title and date: (Setback, 2008). Page numbers are preceded by either p. for a single page or pp. for multiple pages for magazine and newspaper articles.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. City of publication, State: Publisher.
NOTE: For city of publication, always use the first city listed; also include the state, abbreviated.
Nydegger, R.V. (2008). Understanding and treating depression: Ways to find hope and help. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. of chapter). City, State: Publisher.
NOTE: Only specify page numbers when you are referring to parts of books: (pp. 1-21).
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.
Weinstein, R. M. (2001). Deinstitutionalization movement. In C. D. Bryant (Ed.) Encyclopedia of criminology and deviant behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 171-174). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge.
Carl Gustav Jung. (1998). In Encyclopedia of world biography (2nd ed.) Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from Gale Biography Resource Center database.
Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of Book. Retrieved from NetLibrary database.
Edmiston, B. (2008). Forming identities in early childhood play. Retrieved from NetLibrary database.
NOTE: APA states that including database information in citations is not essential. However, the library recommends including information about databases so readers can easily locate the book.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://web-address
NOTE: Provide a URL that links directly to the section, not the home page of the website.
Phelps, J. (2007, November). Weight gain and bipolar disorder treatment. Retrieved from http://www.psycheducation.org/hormones/Insulin/weightgain.htm
Title of document. (n.d.). Retrieved month, day, year, from http://web-address
NOTE: When the author is not listed, begin the entry with the title. When the publication or update date is unavailable, use (n.d.) for no date and use the date of retrieval in the citation.
Fact sheet: Sexual abuse of boys. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2009, from http://member.preventchildabuse.org/site/DocServer/sexual_abuse_of_boys.pdf?docID=127
Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.
Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005) Failure to communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.
Reformated and modified with permission from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab.