Based on the 8th edition of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.
For more examples, see:
|1.||Author.||One author: Cannon, Joseph S.
Two authors: Dorrison, Michael, and Louise Erdrich.
Three or more authors: Burdick, Anne, et al.
|2.||Title of source.||Book title (if self-contained): The Devil’s Highway.
Title of article, webpage, or chapter name (if part of a larger work): “Anemia, Iron Depletion, and the Blood Donor: It’s Time to Work on the Donor’s Behalf.”
|3.||Title of container,||Title of larger work (periodical, book, website):
Encyclopedia of Diversity and Social Justice,
Academic Search Premier,
|4.||Other contributors,||Names of others who contributed to the source:
Edited by Howard S. Becker,
Translated by Seamus Heaney,
|5.||Version,||Use if a version or edition is indicated:
King James Version, Expanded ed., 3rd ed.,
|6.||Number,||Volume number in book series: vol. 4,
Volume & issue number for scholarly journals: vol. 22, no. 3,
|8.||Publication date,||If book, year of publication: 2003,
If article, day month year: 28 Sept. 2013,
|9.||Location.||Page number or range of page numbers: p.33., pp.97-108.
If website: URL, omitting the http:// and the carrot brackets < >
Note: If available, use the "Permalink" option when copying the URL.
While the 8th edition does not specify that database providers be included in citations for online databases, the Bakersfield College English department has stipulated the inclusion of this information in citations for the sake of clarity. So the names of database providers, such as EBSCO and Gale, should follow the database title.
(Scholarly journals, magazines, and newspapers)
Formats for electronic versions of periodicals begin the way that formats for print ones do, but after the pages (years, if there are no pages), we usually provide what MLA calls "locations," such as databases and URLs.
|2.||"Title of Article"||"Alcohol and Energy Drinks Among the College Population."|
|3.||Title of container,||Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education,|
|5-6.||Vol. #, Issue #,||vol. 60, no. 3,|
|8.||Publication date,||Dec. 2016,|
|9.||Location (pages).||pp. 16-21.|
|3.||Name of database,||Academic Search Premier,|
|[Name of database provider],||EBSCO,|
Author(s). "Title of article." Journal, vol., no., date, pages. Databases, provider, URL. Date accessed.
Ilie, Gabriela, et al. "Energy Drinks, Alcohol, Sports, and Traumatic Brain Injuries among Adolescents." PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 9, 16 Sept. 2016, pp. 1-13. Academic Search Premier, EBSCO, ezproxy.bakersfieldcollege.edu/login? url=http://sea
9478379&site=ehost-live&scope=site. Accessed 23 Aug. 2016.
Note: If available, use the "Permalink" option when copying the URL. This is a neater, shorter version of the URL.
Author(s). "Title of Article." Journal, vol., no., date, pages.
Aroke, Edwin N., and Jennifer R. Dungan. "Pharmacogenetics and Anesthesia: An Integrative Review." Nursing Research, vol. 65, no. 4, July/Aug. 2016, pp. 318-30.
Author(s). "Title of article." Magazine, date, pages.
Edwards, Haley Sweetland, "Leaving Tests Behind." Time, 16 Feb. 2015, pp. 28-31.
Note: If volume and issue numbers are available, include them in the citation as in the examples above.
Author(s). "Title of article." Newspaper, date, pages.
Kaleem, Jaweed. "Milwaukee's Top Cops Reflect the Intricacies of Race." The Los Angeles Times, 23 Aug. 2016, pp. A1+.
Note: If an article in a periodical is not printed on consecutive pages, include only the first page number and add a plus sign.
Note: If city name is not included in newspaper title, put city name in brackets [ ] after title.
When providing publishers' names, omit "business" words and their abbreviations, such as Company (Co.), Incorporated (Inc.), and Limited (Ltd.). With University Presses, replace University with U and Press with P, for example, U of Maryland P or Oxford UP. For all other publishers, reproduce the names in full.
|2.||Title of container.||The Reproach of Hunger: Food, Justice, and Money in the Twenty-first Century.|
|7.||Publisher,||Simon & Schuster,|
Author(s). Title. Publisher, date.
Rieff, David. The Reproach of Hunger: Food, Justice, and Money in the Twenty-first Century. Simon & Schuster, 2015.
Author(s). Title. Publisher, date. Provider, URL.
Lynas, Mark. Nuclear 2.0: Why a Green Future Needs Nuclear Power. UIT Cambridge, 2013. eBooks Academic Collection, EBSCO, ezproxy.bakersfieldcollege.edu/login?url=http://search.
Author(s). "Title of article." Title of collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.
Stranges, Anthony N. "Oil from Coal Process." Encyclopedia of 20th-century Technology, edited by Colin A. Hempstead, Routledge, 2004, pp. 545-49.
Note: If the author's name is given, this will be found at the beginning or end of the article.
Note: If citing an anthology and not a reference book, include the name of the publisher after the editor's name, and include page numbers after the date.
While not required, it is a good idea to add the date you accessed the source, as web sources can change day by day.
|2.||Title of article.||"Why I Choose to Challenge Climate Change Deniers."|
|7.||Source,||The Huffington Post,|
|8.||Publication date,||5 May 2016,|
|[Date of access]||15 Aug. 2016.|
Author(s). "Article." Site, date, URL. Date of access.
Nye, Bill. "Why I Choose to Challenge Climate Change Deniers." The Huffington Post, 5 May 2016, www.huffingtonpost.com/
bill-nye-why-i-choose-to-challenge_b_10048224.html. Accessed 15 Aug. 2016.
Note: Some professors may prefer the word Web to URLs.
Author(s) if available, Site, name of publisher, date, URL. Date of access.
Modern Language Association, Modern Language Association of America, 2016, www.mla.org. Accessed 25 Aug. 2016.
Author(s). "Title of video." YouTube, uploaded by Uploader, date, URL.
"Research Ethics: Avoiding Plagiarism." YouTube, uploaded by gracevdblibrary, 8 Apr. 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=9CLmjAa8yH8.
Note: If the author and the uploader are the same, only site once, as above.
Name of director(s) or other creator, role. Title. Studio, year.
Kornbluth, Jacob, director. Inequality for All. Radius, 2013.
"Episode." Series, season #, episode #, written by Writer, directed by Director, distributor, date.
"94 Meetings." Parks & Recreation, season 2, episode 21, written by Harris Wittels, directed by Tristam Shapeero, NBC, 29 Apr. 2010.
Note: If the paper refers to another creator, like a writer, substitute that term.